Even after being so popular, the use of Cannabidiol or CBD is still in many controversies. This may be due to the confusion people still have about what it is and how it works on the human body. CBD is an essential topic everyone mentions when talking about medical marijuana because of its popularity these days. But, people still don’t know much about CBD and how it works, so read on to learn more about it.

What CBD Really is?

Cannabidiol or CBD is one of over 100 chemicals, known as cannabinoids in cannabis plants. THC and CBD, both are found in marijuana plants and hemp plants but have different effects. THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) is the psychoactive compound that is responsible for the “high” sensation. 

Marijuana contains a high amount of THC and hemp plants contain no more than 0.3% THC amount. CBD is different from THC, unlike THC, CBD does not have any psychoactive effect and it does not change your state of mind.

That’s why CBD extracted from the non-psychoactive hemp plant is legal in all 50 states in the United States. And CBD derived from marijuana is legal only in states with medical or recreational marijuana laws.

How CBD Works?

All cannabinoids, including CBD, affect our body by reacting with certain receptors. CBD enhances the endocannabinoid system (ECS). ESC responds to endogenous cannabinoids produced in the body and to CBD as well. Within ECS there are receptors CB1 and CB2. Many of the CB1 receptors are present in the brain and the rest of them are present throughout the body.

The ECS was discovered in the 1990s. THC attaches to the CB1 receptors present in the brain, which deals with coordination and movement, pain, emotions, mood, thinking, appetite, memories, and other functions.

CB2 receptors affect inflammation and pain and are more common in the immune system. It was believed that CBD gets attached to CB2 receptors, but the later research showed that CBD does not attach directly to either receptor; it makes the body to use more of its own cannabinoids.

Health Benefits

Currently, more research is to be done on the benefits of CBD on the human body. But, CBD has already shown potential health benefits for people with conditions ranging from anxiety to inflammatory bowel disease. CBD can be beneficial for many health issues, some of them are mentioned below.


Researchers have recently found that ECS regulates neurobehavior and immunity, two aspects of physiology impaired in autism. This led to the growth of usage of cannabinoids for modulating the ECS of autistic children, and hopefully reducing its symptoms.

Anxiety disorders

Researchers also discovered that CBD is beneficial for reducing anxiety. These anti-anxiety effects of CBD can typically be seen at moderate dosages of approximately 300 mg per day. Make sure to take this moderate dosage only, as lower doses may not exert any impact or higher doses may increase anxiety.

CBD may reduce anxiety-related behaviors in people with conditions including generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Fighting Cancer

Medical marijuana has got its fame for alleviating the side effects of cancer treatment such as pain and nausea. But, the psychoactive effects of THC can be undesirable for many cancer patients.

But, some researchers have found that CBD may prove to be an alternative that can alleviate the side effects of conventional cancer treatment. It can also beneficially modulates the underlying cancer process. It is also noted that CBD tends to suppress the growth of cancer cells and can also promote their destruction. CBD also has low levels of toxicity.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

CBD has been proven beneficial for the symptoms and pathology of IBD. it reduces tissue injury, reactive oxygen species production, inducible nitric oxide synthase activity, and the level of TNF-alpha in the colon. CBD also tends to support the maintenance of the intestinal barrier.

CBD offers a more natural alternative to prescription or over-the-counter drugs to relieve stiffness and pain.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

PTSD occurs when someone experiences or witnesses a tragedy of war. This can result in flashbacks, nightmares, and extreme anxiety. Thankfully, research shows that CBD may improve the symptoms of PTSD by reducing the hyperactivity of the amygdala.

Amygdala is a portion of the brain which is involved in the processing of fear, thus suppressing traumatic memories.

This is all about CBD. But if you are looking to use THC products, the first question you ask yourself, ‘Is marijuana legal in California?’ Yes it totally is and you can get onboard the program with a recommendation from a 420 doctor licensed from the state.